Convolvulus Hawk Moth – Agrius convolvuli
The Convolvulus Hawk moth, Agrius convolvuli, is a large Hawk Moth. It is common throughout Europe (England),Asia, Africa and Australia. partly as a migrant.
Description and habits
The wingspan is 80–105 mm. This hawk moth’s basic coloration is in greyish tones, but the abdomen has a broad grey dorsal stripe and pink and black bands edged with white on the sides. The hindwings are light grey with darker broad cross lines.
Its favourite time is around sunset and during the twilight, when it is seen in gardens hovering over the flowers. This moth is very attracted to light, so it is often killed by cars on highways. Its caterpillars eat the leaves of the Convolvulus, hence its Latin name “convolvuli”. Other recorded food plants include a wide range of plants in the Araceae, Convolvulaceae, Leguminosae and Malvaceae families. It can be a pest of cultivated Ipomoea. It feeds on the wing and has a very long proboscis (longer than its body) that enables it to feed on long trumpet-like flowers such as Nicotiana sylvestris.
The caterpillars can be in a number of different colours. As well as brown (pictured below) they have been seen in bright green and black.
Poplar Hawk Moth – Laothoe populi
Laothoe populi (poplar hawk-moth) is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It is found throughout the Palearctic region and the Near East and is one of the most common members of the family in the region.
This is a large (wingspan 70–100 mm), odd-looking, species due to its habit of resting with its hindwings held further forward than (but still half hidden by) the forewings (the species lacks a frenulum joining the wings together). It is said to look like a cluster of dead leaves of the main host, poplar. When disturbed, the moth will suddenly reveal a bright orange-red basal patch on the hindwing, possibly as a distraction or startle display. Gynandromorphs, half female and half male, are common. The wings are grey marked with darker grey fascia but with the greys occasionally replaced by buffish tones (this form is more frequent among females than males).There is a white spot at the distal edge of the cell on the fore wings.
Deilephila elpenor – Elephant Hawk Moth
Deilephila elpenor, known as the elephant hawk-moth, is a large moth of the Sphingidae family.
Mimas tiliae – Lime Hawk-moth
Mimas tiliae, known as the Lime Hawk-moth, is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It is found throughout the Palearctic region and the Near East, and has also been identified in Eastern Canada.
This species is quite variable, though not confusable with any other sphingid of the Palearctic in its markings, the ground colour of the forewings being pinkish or buff, darker towards the tonus, marked with one or two dark green or brown blotches which are sometimes merged to form a continuous band across the middle of the forewing. The hindwings are plainer, grey or buff-ish brown. The wingspan is 70–80 millimetres (2.8–3.1 in). It exhibits sexual dimorphism, the male usually being smaller but more strongly marked than the female. Usually, the forewing ground colour is brownish in females and decidedly green in males, but there are many exceptions. The female abdomen is straight and fat with fully formed eggs, which are already present when the female emerges (as in all species of Smerinthini). The male abdomen, on the other hand, is strongly curved and slender.
Sphinx ligustri – Privet Hawk-Moth
Sphinx ligustri, known as the privet hawk moth, is a species of moth found in most of the Palearctic eco-zone.
It has a 12 centimetres (4.7 in) wingspan (generally deflexed at rest), and is found in urban areas, forests and woodlands.
The male privet hawk-moth can make a hissing sound, if disturbed, by rubbing together a set of scales and spines at the end of its abdomen.
Their larva is usually found between July and August: buried in the earth preparing to become a pupa. They then fly in the following June.
as well as ash trees,
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